What's on a label from The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA)
Any clothing you sell must have a label attached to it. You must have Country of Origin, Fiber Content, your Company Name or RN and how to care for the garment. It's really pretty easy to comply with the law. The country of origin must always be on the front side of the label. Fiber content and the identity of the manufacturer or dealer may appear on the back of a label. In that case, the label must be attached to the product only at one end so that the reverse side is accessible to the consumer.
Care labels must be permanently attached to the garments and be readable for the life of the garment. Care information is to include washing, drying, ironing, using bleach or dry cleaning. Care labeling is based on the warning system. If the label says "machine wash" then any temperature of water may be used. Otherwise it will tell you to use hot, warm, or cold water.
The following items don't need permanent care labels, but must have conspicuous temporary labels at the point of sale:
- Totally reversible clothing without pockets.
- Products that may be washed, bleached, dried, ironed, and drycleaned by the harshest procedures available, as long as the instruction, "Wash or dryclean, any normal method," appears on a temporary label.
- Products that have been granted exemptions on grounds that care labels will harm their appearance or usefulness. You must apply for this exemption in writing to the Secretary of the FTC. Your request must include a labeled sample of the product and a full statement explaining why the request should be granted.
- Garments custom-made of material provided by the consumer do not need any care instructions.
The care symbols from the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) designated as ASTM Standard D5489-96c, Standard Guide for Care Symbols for Care Instructions on Textile Products, may be used in place of words, but the symbols must fulfill the requirements of the Rule
Fiber Content must be on the care label. It must list the percent above 5% of the fiber by generic name however if it is less than 5%, it may say "5% other fiber". The generic names of fibers must be used. Tradenames, or brands, may be used with the generic name. For example, 100% Trevira (brand name) polyester. If a tradename is used, then its generic name must be used in the same size print. If part of the product is made from a non-fibrous material — such as plastic, glass, wood, paint, metal or leather — you don’t have to include that on your label. That is, you don’t have to disclose the contents of zippers, buttons, beads, sequins, leather patches, painted designs, or any other parts that are not made from fiber, yarn, or fabric.
Country of Origin
The required disclosure of the Country of Origin became effective in 1985. Its purpose is to inform the consumer of the country of origin of fabrics and apparel. The label must list the country of origin of the apparel manufacturer and identify if an imported fabric and be on the front of the label.
A label may say “Made in U.S.A.” only if the product is made completely in the U.S. of materials that were made in the U.S. If a U.S. manufacturer uses imported greige (a woven fabric as it comes from the loom and before it has been submitted to the finishing process.) goods that are dyed, printed, and finished in the U.S., for example, they may not be labeled “Made in U.S.A.” without qualification. The label must indicate that the product contains imported materials. The label may identify the country of origin of the imported materials, but it doesn't’t have to. It can say simply: “Made in U.S.A. of imported fabric” or “Knitted in U.S.A. of imported yarn.” This disclosure must appear as a single statement, without separating the “Made in U.S.A.” and “imported” references. from FTC: Labeling law page
Registered identification numbers (RN or WPL) are registered by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). The number is a manufacture's number and is your way of finding out who manufactured the garment, if not given on the label. You do not have to have an RN if you have the company name on the tag. You can get an RN online at http://www.ftc.gov, click on For Business, then RN Information, then RN Application — Apply Online.
If you use a company name instead of an RN, then the name must be the full name under which the company is doing business. This is the name that appears on business documents, such as purchase orders and invoices. It cannot be a trademark, trade name, brand, label, or designer name — unless that name is also the name under which the company is doing business.